What is Head and Neck cancer?
Head and Neck cancers are types of cancers that include jaw, ear, and nose, lips, tongue, gums, hard and soft palate, vocal cords and throat.
What are the main causes of Head and Neck Cancers?
The chief causes includes consumption of tobacco products in any form like smoking, chewing of tobacco, betel nut, and areca nut, heavy consumption of alcohol , and some other factors that lift up your risk involves Poor oral hygiene, weaker immunity system, lack of vitamin A and B, Transmission of Human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by Unsafe sex, Too much exposure of the face to Sunlight.
Despite this , for what reason do individuals who don’t smoke tobacco get cancer?
The major risk factors for this type of patients are Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and Epstein-Barr virus(EBV) infection and other viral infections and when sharp edge teeth annoy the tongue for a long time can increase the risk of cancer.
In the same way, Why Individuals who consume Tobacco products do not have cancer?
see, If a person riding a motorcycle without a helmet or driving a car without seatbelt so that does not mean he will definitely meet with an accident but he may be at much higher risk.
How to detect Head and Neck cancers in the beginning period?
Bleeding from the oral cavity, any swollen part in the neck, sore throat, less mouth opening, the whitish or reddish patch may additionally or might not be associated with pain. Ulcers in the oral cavity which are incurable, hoarseness in the voice. A thorough examination of such influenced regions affirms the diagnosis.
What type of Treatments available for Head and Neck Cancers?
Treatment options vary to the patient to patient, Treatment procedure for patients depends upon various factors which include accurate location and size of Tumor, stage of cancer, patient’s age, medical history, and general health. Surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy or different combinations of these treatment options can be considered for the Head and Neck cancers by the oncologists. If cancer occurs Lips to Jaw joint area then the surgery is performed for the treatment and if cancer occurs beyond this like from tonsils to end of the vocal cord then radiation and chemotherapy are the best options for treatment.
What is radiation therapy?
Radiation therapy is the most common type of treatment used to stop the growth and division of cancer cells. In this therapy high doses of radiation are used, strong waves of radiation are delivered to kill the cancerous cell, reduces their growth and get the tumor shrunk to validate it for surgery.
What is Chemotherapy?
Chemotherapy is most commonly used to kill the growing cancer cells in an aggressive manner, as cancerous cells grow and divide rapidly in the human body, However, it also kills a small number of normal cells. This therapy is often done in combination with other cancer treatments such as surgery, radiation therapy, immunotherapy depending upon various factors. Chemotherapy medicines are obtained from sea-corals and trees or prepared by synthesis in specific laboratories. Infusion of these medicines in blood lower the cancel cell count, reduce the growth of cancer cells and shrink the size of the tumor. Sometimes a perception exists about chemotherapy that it is painful but actually it’s not, The pain caused by the disease.
Immunotherapy sometime refer as Biologic therapy is an effective form of cancer treatments, this therapy makes immune system of the body stronger to fight cancer, the powerful immune system of human body kills cancer cells by itself. It helps the immune system to keep the infections and diseases away from your body. Immunotherapy medicines are extracted from the substances made up of a living organism.
What is targeted cancer therapy?
It kills the cancer cells selectively and affects the normal cells minimally. It can be used in frail patients and also in a recurrent setting.